A few of the victims of the massacre by Eritrean forces in Axum – TMH | 28 March 2021


A survivor of the Axum Massacre says he witnessed the massacre of more than 100 hundred civilians in Axum. The survivor Guesh Gebrekidan said Eritrean forces forbade Axum residents from burying the dead.


Vigil held for victims of Axum Massacre

Mayor of Axum, Elias Kahsay, speaking from the mountains of Tigray about the massacre perpetrated by
Eritrean forces in his city | ብምኽንያት 4ይ ወርሒ ግፍዓዊ ጨፍጫፍ ከተማ ኣኽሱም ብከንቲባ ከተማ ኣኽሱም ተጋዳላይ ኤልያስ ካሕሳይ ዝተውሃበ መልእኽቲ | Dimtsi Weyane 27 March 2021

Testimonies of eyewitnesses and survivors of the massacre

An elderly woman who fled to the city of Axum in the Tigray region of Ethiopia to seek safety sits with her head bandaged after being wounded during an attack on the city, November 30, 2020. (AP Photo)

“Half of her jaw was gone.”

“He was shot and dead in the streets. His body was eaten by a hyena.”

“Kill it or we will kill you.”

“They have killed and shot so many young people in Axum.

“Help your people before it gets to the worst level.”

Interview with a survivor of the Axum Massacre by Merhawi Wells Bogue | SWT Media 24 Jan 2021
A survivor and eyewitness to the Axum Massacre, Solomon Mihreteab, recounts one of the deadliest massacres by Eritrean forces in Axum | TMH 28 Nov 2021
Interview with Zaid Hadush, a survivor and eyewitness of the Axum Massacre, by Merhawi Wells Bogue | ናይ ዓይኒ ምስክር ኣብ ጨፍጫፍ ኣኽሱም | TMH 21 April 2021
Eyewitness account of the Axum Massacre: Yonas Tesfalem | TMH 10 April 2021

ኣብ ኣክሱም 19ን 20ን ሕዳር 2013 ዓ\ም ኣብ ልዕሊ ሰላማዊያን ሰባት ጭፍጨፋ ከምዝተፈፀመ ናይ ዓይኒ መሰኻኽርን ኣባላት ስድርኦም ዝተቐተሉዎምን ይገልፁ

ካብ ፀጋም ንየማን ኣቶ ልሳነወርቅ ለኣከ 78፣ ብርሃነ ወላይ 23፣ መምህር ግርማይ ተኽላይ 34ን ቢኒያም ልሳነወርቅ 17ን እዮም | VOA Tigrinya 27 Jan 2021

Misganaw Sileshi, Ethiopian government soldier held captive in a Tigray detention center after surrendering himself to Tigrayan forces at Kobo, says he witnessed one of the most gruesome massacres by Eritrean forces on civilian residents in Axum and Adwa towns in November 2020.

Tigrai TV | 7 Sep 2022

ZDFheute was the first international media to access Axum and confirm the massacre committed by Eritrean forces in the city

ZDF Africa correspondent, Timm Kröger, reported directly from Mekelle, Axum, and Shire. Clips from the news report shows a portion of mass graves from the Axum massacre and IDPs who are living in cramped and terrible conditions in Shire. He randomly interviewed people in Axum who confirmed the massacre as reported by Amnesty International. | ZDFheute
24 hours of mass executions and unspeakable violence, as told by witnesses. Amnesty International says the allegations contained within its report may constitute crimes against humanity. | Sky News 27 Feb 2021
Amnesty International finds evidence of possible atrocities in Ethiopia | PBS NewsHour 7 April 2021
A new report by Amnesty International details the systematic killing of hundreds of civilians on the 28th and 29th of November by Eritrean troops in the historic city of Axum in Ethiopia’s Tigray region. VOA’s Salem Solomon spoke to the author of the report, Jean-Baptiste Gallopin | VOA 26 Feb 2021
“On @AJEnglish earlier today, I relayed @amnesty ‘s call for a UN-led investigation into the massacre in Axum and other crimes committed in the Tigray conflict, and for the Ethiopian government to grant unimpeded access to media, human rights and humanitarian organizations.” Jean-Baptiste Gallopin | Al Jazeera 26 Feb 2021
Mayor Elias Kahsay of Axum calls for an international investigation to the heinous atrocities committed in Axum and other parts of Tigray | TMH 5 Dec 2021
Eritrean troops fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray state systematically killed hundreds of unarmed civilians in the northern city of Axum on 28-29 November 2020. An Amnesty International report reveals that troops opened fire in the streets and conducted house-to-house raids in a massacre | Newzroom Afrika 26 Feb 2021
Video of one of the victims of the massacre. According to his ID card, the victim’s name was Gebrehiwot Gebrekidan Gebretinsae and he worked for the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia.

In Axum, the annual celebration of St Mary of Zion did not take place on 30th Nov 2020 due to the invasion of Tigray by Eritrean and Ethiopian government forces and subsequent massacres that took place all the way from Humera to Axum. Ethiopia state-owned television ETV and Fana Broadcasting Corporate (FBC), however, used old videos from 2019 to whitewash the massacres committed by Eritrean forces and claim that the celebrations took place peacefully.

EBC English Evening News | 5 Dec 2020
“Annual Celebration of Saint Mary of Zion in Aksum shot on 30th November 2020” | Fana TV
“መንግስት በህወሓት ቡድን ላይ የሕግ ማስከበር እርምጃ መውሰዱን ተከትሎ አክሱም ወደ ተረጋጋ ሁኔታ መመለሷን ነዋሪዎች ተናገሩ” – ETV | 5 Dec 2020

ESAT denies the Axum Massacre

The allegations against Eritrea to have participated in the law enforcement in Ethiopia is neither proved nor confirmed, everything is based on false statements. Eritrean weapons such as tanks and similar equipment are often shown (fake) … even so, Eritrea has the right to equip its ally.

ESAT journalist Sisay Agena
ESAT journalist Sisay Agena denies the Axum Massacre

Archbishop Abune Petros, secretary of the Holy Synod of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, denies the Axum Massacre. “There was not a massacre in Axum”

Archbishop Abune Petros, secretary of the Holy Synod of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, denies the Axum Massacre. “There was not a massacre in Axum”

“It’s a very very crazy idea” – Ambassador Hirut Zemene

Hirut Zemene, Ethiopia’s ambassador to the EU, said there was no way the massacre could have happened in Axum during the annual celebration of St Mary of Zion. Hirut, a pathological liar, made reference to the pre-war video footages from the Ethiopian Television to substantiate her argument that the celebration of St Mary in Axum took place peacefully “though quietly”. This is not the first time Hirut has lied about the genocidal war on Tigray. Soon after the outbreak of the war, the Ethiopian government implemented phone and internet shutdowns in Tigray. Hirut, however, blamed it on “cyber-attack” when asked by the EU Observer. It was not long, however, before Hirut issues a statement apologizing to the EU Observer for the “mistake” and that it was the Tigrayan authorities who destroyed the telecom infrastructure, referring to a propaganda video broadcast by the state-owned Ethiopian Television. Hirut’s never-ending lies prompted the EU Observer to publish an article titled “Time to tell the truth, Ambassador”.

Some of the victims of the massacre by Eritrean forces in Axum